Is the Father of Jesus the God of Muhammad?

The Muslim religion is prominent in American culture. Islam is in the American news cycle daily. Currently there are 1.5 billion Muslims in the world and Islam is the world’s fastest growing religion.[1] Yet, many followers of Christ are uninformed about Islam and confused about what their responsibility toward Muslims might be. In fact, many are so uninformed that they believe Allah, the god of Islam, and the God of the Bible are one and the same. Are they?

In his book Theology in the Context of World Christianity Timothy Tennent includes a chapter entitled: Is the Father of Jesus the God of Muhammad? Do you see where I got the title for this blog? Pretty creative huh? Seriously, Tennent’s question is a pressing one for Christians who are earnest about the integrity of Christianity and the global mission of Christ.

In this chapter he traces the etymology (word origin), history, and usage of the world “Allah” and concludes that though there are etymological links between the word “Allah” and the Jewish words for God, nonetheless, they are not the same. Pre-Islam, the word Allah was used generically to refer to deity. But as Islam came on the world scene the word Allah quickly began being used as the personal name for the god of Islam, which is not the God of the Bible. The god that Muhammad claimed to represent as a prophet is not the God of the Bible. Muslims believe that Muhammad is the last and final prophet sent by God to humanity. Wait? The Bible presents Jesus as the full and final revelation of God! So, the Qur’an and the Bible can’t both be right.[2] Moreover, Jesus himself said that no one comes to the Father except through him.[3] That means that no Muslim knows the Father of Jesus; who is God Almighty. Since Jesus and Muhammad made conflicting claims to truth and conflicting claims about God they can’t both be right.

Keep in mind, Christianity and Islam are both monotheistic religions. That means both groups hold that there is only one Supreme Being. Think about it, there can’t be more than one Supreme Being. It would be a contradiction. So, is Allah God or is the God of the Bible God? They are not the same being, so which one is Supreme and which one is false?

Tennent wrote, “From the Islamic perspective, we Christians do not know the ‘God of Muhammad’ because we have rejected the revelation of the Qur’an. We have turned away in unbelief.” Further, as Christians, our beliefs about who Jesus Christ is and what he accomplished on the cross, alienates us from their god. The good news is that though we are alienated from Islam through our belief in Jesus, we are reconciled to God.[4] Tennent reminds Christians of something vastly important, that, “A Muslim without Christ remains alienated from God. Muslims stand in need of a reconciliation that cannot come through human effort but has been freely offered through Jesus Christ.”

We conclude definitively that the Father of Jesus is not the God of Muhammad. That leads Christians to embrace the commission that Jesus gave his followers for Muslims. We are to share the good news of God’s salvation with them, a salvation that is only realized through faith in Jesus.


[2] The Qur’an or Koran is the book that Muslims consider sacred. It is supposed that Muhammad received the words of the Qur’an by revelation from the angel Gabriel.

[3] John 14:6

[4] Romans 5:10; 2 Cor. 5:18; Col. 1:22

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