One of the cool threads that connects the Old Testament and the New Testament, and reveals the unity of Scripture, is a little thing we call typology.
Typology, in the most basic sense, is when an Old Testament person or event (the “type”) foreshadows a person or event fulfilled in the New Testament (the antitype). Sometimes I teach this concept using the analogy of a shadow being cast (the type) and the figure that is ultimately revealed as the one casting the shadow (the antitype). One of the clearest examples of this in the New Testament is found in Romans 5:14 where Paul actually says that Adam was a “type” (Greek word tupos) “of Jesus, “the one who was to come.” I also preached on this concept in my message from 1 Peter 3:18-22 last year.
Some major Old Testament figures serve as types of Christ, seen in certain contexts. One of those is Solomon. We find this in Jesus’ own words:
The queen of the South will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, something greater than Solomon is here.
In this statement, Jesus steps fully into the light as the antitype that Solomon’s life foreshadowed. Solomon was a “son of David” who ruled on the “throne of David” (2 Samuel 7), but he did not end up being the “Son of David” who would “rule forever.” This, of course, is Jesus.
Here is the Solomon/Jesus comparison that I am sharing in my message from Ecclesiastes 1:12-2:11 this morning at LPC.
Solomon vs. Jesus
- Solomon ruled in a time of peace, Jesus came as the Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6, Ephesians 2:14)
- Solomon built a temple where sinners sought God’s presence, Jesus came as God’s presence to seek out sinners. (John 1:14, Luke 19:10)
- Solomon searched for purpose without God, Jesus revealed God’s eternal purpose. (Ephesians 3:11, 2 Timothy 1:9)
- Solomon utilized wisdom from God, Jesus is the wisdom of God. (1 Corinthians 1:30)
- Solomon mined the depths of human pleasure, Jesus brought God’s pleasure to humankind. (Luke 12:32, Philippians 2:13)
- Solomon chased the wind, Jesus calmed the storm. (Mark 4:39)